THIS WAS A YEAR OF
ALIGNMENT, RESOLVE,
REINFORCEMENT AND
NEW BEGINNINGS.
WWF NEPAL ANNUAL REPORT 2017

OF LIFE SECURED
IN THE WILD

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Zero tolerance for wildlife crimes

Continued enforcement efforts led to the arrest of 177 wildlife criminals and 20 incidents of wildlife parts seizures, thanks to the coordinated efforts of the Nepal Police, park authorities and local communities. Patrol operations by the Nepal Army covered over 77,000km of prime habitat in Protected Areas and buffer zones. This was aided by conservation technologies such as Real Time SMART Patrolling and park surveillance supported by over 35km of a fibre-optic network piloted in Chitwan National Park allowing for round-the-clock monitoring for effective antipoaching response. Chitwan National Park, the stronghold of tiger and rhino populations in Nepal, also celebrated over 1,000 days of zero poaching of rhinos this year.

 
Belling the Cat

A snow leopard was successfully collared in Kangchenjunga Conservation Area on 8 May 2017 making it the fourth one to be collared in Nepal’s eastern snow leopard conservation complex. The snow leopard, named ‘Yalung’ by the local people, was a sub-adult female about two years of age. The telemetric studies have provided important insights into the snow leopard’s spatial range, movement and habitat use across the boundaries of Nepal, India and China. The findings suggest that the snow leopard’s home range is much higher than earlier reports, which highlights the urgency for strong transboundary collaboration between Nepal, India and China to secure the long-term survival of these apex mountain predators.

 
Restoring Herbivore Assemblages

Wildlife translocations were successfully carried out in TAL to restore herbivore assemblage in Protected Areas. Eight rhinos were translocated from Chitwan National Park to Shuklaphanta National Park and Bardia National Park; rhino translocations resumed after thirteen years from Chitwan National Park in 2016 when five rhinos were translocated to Bardia National Park. Likewise, twelve swamp deer were translocated from Shuklaphanta National Park to Chitwan and Bardia national parks, while twelve wild water buffaloes were translocated to Chitwan from Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Kathmandu’s Central Zoo. A successful outcome of such translocations can be seen in Shuklaphanta where black buck numbers have increased to 60 at present from the 22 translocated in 2013.

 
Tigers beyond Protected Areas

15 individual tigers were recorded in forests outside Protected Areas in TAL through a long-term ecological monitoring exercise using camera traps. The survey additionally recorded a tiger for the first time in the northern flank of the landscape (identified as climate refugia) providing basis for further conservation work in the extended areas of TAL. The monitoring result showed that three of the seven corridors identified in the western complex showed a record of dispersing tigers (as proxy to functional corridors). These monitoring results will help in refining the design of Nepal’s national tiger survey scheduled for late 2017.

 
Managing human-wildlife conflict

The Government of Nepal endorsed the working guidelines of a human-wildlife compensation mechanism to provide quick relief to families affected by human-wildlife conflict. An endowment fund of USD 278,000 was created under the Terai Arc Landscape and Sacred Himalayan Landscape programs to provide relief for conflict-affected households. The Government of Nepal also endorsed a proposal to increase the relief amount to NRs. 1,000,000 from the previous NRs. 500,000 for conflict-related human fatalities. WWF Nepal also piloted an early warning system to mitigate conflict with elephants in Bardia. The system- works with a sound and tremor detection for elephants which sends out an alarm and alert messages to members of the local community should an elephant get close to 50-100 meters from the system.

FORESTS
 
Burn Free

For the first time in 20 years, Nepal burnt its stockpile of wildlife parts demonstrating the nation’s commitment towards zero tolerance of wildlife crime.

Based on an audit completed in July 2016, more than 4,000 wildlife parts of 48 different species including 67 tiger skins and 357 rhino horns were burnt in Chitwan National Park in the presence of government representatives, security chiefs, diplomatic missions, civil society, local communities, media, conservation agencies and I/NGOs. The audit covered wildlife parts confiscated from seizure operations and recovered from animals that had died natural deaths from the two repositories in the Armed Forest Guard Training Centre in Tikauli and Chitwan National Park headquarters in Kasara.

The burn was also a means of managing the stockpile of wildlife parts collected from over 20 years that were already decaying. Some wildlife parts were omitted from the burn and retained by the government to include those items whose cases are still under investigation and those required for future research and scientific studies.

OF FORESTS,
Biodiversity
AND HUMAN
well-being

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142 HA
AGRICULTURAL
LAND PROTECTED

from flooding through bioengineering and embankments

4450 HA
DEGRADED LAND
RESTORED

through sustainable forest management practices

8000 HA
OF FORESTS FREE FROM
UNCONTROLLED GRAZING

through integrated livestock management practices

135 HA
OF CRITICAL ECOSYSTEM
HOTSPOTS CONSERVED

through community-led afforestation measures

Safeguarding land and life in Nepal’s fragile Churia

‘Sustainable Land Management in the Churia Range, Nepal’, a three-year pilot project of the Government of Nepal and WWF and supported by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) was successfully concluded on 31 May 2017. It effectively helped reduce the vulnerability of 6,000 local people, including more than 2,300 women, from land degradation and soil erosion issues in the Himalayan foothills.

This maiden initiative in Nepal, following the accreditation of WWF as Global Environment Facility (GEF) project implementation agency, introduced an integrated land management approach in the fragile Churia, a hilly range which covers about 12.76% of Nepal’s total area and more than 15% of the country’s population.

The project was successful in bringing together four ministries – Ministry of Land Reform and Management, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Ministry of Agricultural Development, and Ministry of Population and Environment – and the participation and ownership of local communities to introduce and implement innovative and sustainable agro-pastoral systems and community forest management in the project areas.

 
Forests in Protected Areas

513,000ha of forests were protected within Nepal’s Protected Areas to provide for biodiversity and ecosystem services. WWF provided support to implement management plans of six national parks (Chitwan, Bardia, Banke, Parsa, Shuklaphanta and Langtang) and two conservation areas (Kangchenjunga and Krishnasar). The major interventions include protection of forest ecosystems, management of habitats including grasslands and wetlands, and strengthening institutional capacity of protected areas. Nepal’s Protected Areas together account for 3.4 million hectares of forests and wildlife habitat of key species such as tigers, rhinos and snow leopards.

 
Communities and Forest Management

WWF’s work with local communities helped in improving management of 216,615ha of community forests and 3,188ha of collaborative forests. This was supported by the revision and implementation of Forest Operation Plans (a guiding document of a community forest users group to protect, manage and use forest resources for a specified period of time, usually five years), and capacity building of users groups to manage forests. Community forestry and collaborative forestry are the major community-based forest management regimes in Nepal. Community forestry transfers the use rights of forest resources from government to the communities whereas collaborative forestry involves sharing the use rights of forest resources between the communities, and local and central governments.

 
Restoring forests

Local communities restored over 2,200ha of degraded forests in protected area buffer zones and biological corridors of the Terai Arc Landscape. This was achieved through afforestation measures with 275,000 seedlings of different forest species planted, and the promotion of natural regeneration while managing grazing of livestock in such areas. Though Nepal’s forest cover is presently 44.7% of the total land of the country, deforestation and forest degradation are one of the major challenges in the Terai due to in-migration, construction of large infrastructure and urbanization.

 
Emissions Reduction at Scale

Nepal drafted its Emissions Reduction Program Document (ERPD) with the support of WWF to be presented at the Carbon Fund Meeting in January 2018. It incorporates a comprehensive program design and benefit sharing mechanism by taking into consideration the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation and the activities to reduce the same, Reference Level from 2004-2014, social and environment safeguards, and legal issues on land tenure rights and entity of the ER program. The ERPD was developed following the submission of Nepal’s Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ERPIN) in April 2014 by the Government of Nepal which aims to sequestrate about 14 million tonnes of CO2 eq. in Nepal’s Terai Arc Landscape between 2018-2025.

climate &
Energy
 
Conservation Payback

Forests are an integral part of local communities; they support local livelihoods and generate incomes for local households that depend on them. By establishing forest-based green enterprises, WWF Nepal provides local communities with alternate livelihoods options that enable sustainable use of forests and its resources. More than 850 households benefited from such enterprises based on non-timber forest products such as Chiraita and broom grass, and homestays and ecotourism. A micro-credit program supported by WWF Nepal forms the backbone of the sustainable livelihoods initiatives with a revolving fund of over USD 1.3 million supporting credit needs of local communities.

OF CLIMATE-SMART
CONSERVATION AND
DEVELOPMENT

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450,000+
VULNERABLE PEOPLE

benefitted through the sustainable use of community forest resources, climate adaptation and disaster recovery activities.

50,000+ H
DEGRADED OR DEFORESTED AREAS BROUGHT UNDER IMPROVED MANAGEMENT

sequestering CO2 emissions by 3.7 million metric tons in Nepal

10 YEAR
CHAL AND TAL LANDSCAPES STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS IMPLEMENTED

including over 400 community and local adaptation plans of action 

1000+
COMMUNITIES SUPPORTED

with community forest, climate adaptation, and community based antipoaching activities.

3 YEARS
OF ZERO POACHING FOR
RHINOS MAINTAINED

and re-established rhinoceros, swamp
deer, and black buck populations

4 earthquake affected districts 
PROVIDED WITH
EMERGENCY RELIEF

and implementation of green recovery and reconstruction work

Conservation Results with Hariyo Ban Program (Phase I)

The Hariyo Ban Program (2011-2016) came to a close benefitting over 450,000 vulnerable people with livelihoods, climate change adaptation, and post-earthquake recovery and reconstruction activities in two conservation landscapes – the Chitwan-Annapurna Landscape and the Terai Arc Landscape. The $39.7 million program brought over 50,000 hectares of degraded or deforested areas under improved management, sequestering CO2 emissions in Nepal by 3.7 million metric tons.

Funded by USAID and implemented through a consortium comprising WWF Nepal, CARE Nepal, National Trust for Nature Conservation, and the Federation of Community Forestry Users Nepal in partnership with the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, the Hariyo Ban Program was awarded a five-year (2016-2021) $18 million follow-on project by USAID to build on and sustain the results of the first phase.

 
Addressing national adaptation needs

As mandated under the UNFCCC, the National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) process of Nepal initiated by WWF Nepal in 2014 was furthered by the Ministry of Population and Environment through the formulation of thematic groups. WWF Nepal supported the meeting of the thematic groups to better understand the objectives and formulation processes of NAPs as a means of identifying medium- and long-term adaptation needs and developing and implementing strategies and programs to address those needs. WWF Nepal represented on the Forest and Biodiversity, Culture and Tourism, Gender Equity and Social Inclusion thematic groups and served as one of the advisors to the overall NAPs process.

 
The Energy Mix

Building energy access for households in the Terai and the mountains helped add to the energy mix and in emission reductions. 1,545 biogas units were installed in the Terai Arc Landscape in the last fiscal year as part of the second phase of the Gold Standard Biogas VER Project (2013-2020) which contributed to an emissions reduction of 30,450 tonnes of CO2 equivalent. Likewise, in mountain communities, WWF Nepal supported the installation of home solar systems and micro-hydro benefiting 45 households in Langtang and 75 individuals in Kangchenjunga respectively.

 
Reducing climate vulnerability

Adaptation interventions helped reduce the vulnerability of about 3,000 households from the impacts of climate change as identified in Local Adaptation Plans for Action and Local Disaster and Climate Resilience Plans that are being mainstreamed in local level development planning. Bioengineering and slope stabilization were some of the strategies opted that helped mitigate flooding, inundation and sedimentation on human settlements and agricultural fields. Through watershed conservation, spring source protection, conservation ponds and small-scale irrigation support, local communities were provided improved access to water from depleting sources. The provision of irrigation and drinking water facilities further helped support local livelihoods.

 
Mainstreaming Sustainable Development Goals

WWF Nepal undertook its maiden engagement in the national Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) process in partnership with the Legislature Parliament of the Government of Nepal. This was achieved through a successful roll out of the SDGs in six of Nepal’s seven provinces incorporating representatives of governmental organizations, civil society organizations, indigenous group and the private sector. The lead government body, the National Planning Commission, has developed a governance mechanism under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister of Nepal which will monitor and evaluate the work of organizations including the private sector that are contributing to the SDGs.

freshwater
 
Ratification of Paris Agreement

Nepal was one of the 168 Parties to have ratified the Paris agreement in October 2016 with the agreement entering into force on 4 November 2016. It marked a time where governments have come together to fight a common cause, climate change, and adapt to it effects. As a signatory to the agreement, Parties including Nepal have agreed to beef up ambition to keep global temperature rise well below 2˚C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5˚C. WWF Nepal has been supporting the Government of Nepal in the negotiations process both in the groups of LDCs and the G77 and China through advisory and coordinating roles to help formulate rules for implementing the Paris Agreement.

OF WATER THAT
SUSTAINS NATURE
AND PEOPLE

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300%
INCREASE

in average annual incomes for 3,360 households to reach NPR 244,861 (USD 2450)

11
INTEGRATED RESOURCES MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES

and 1 sub-basin management committee formed and strengthened

1484
HOUSEHOLDS

with increased food sufficiency

3422
HOUSEHOLDS

benefited from alternative livelihood opportunities

5579
BOYS AND 6,365 GIRLS

benefited through 45 eco-clubs

4,686
PEOPLE BENEFITTED

from different capacity building programs

Integrated water management solutions in Koshi River Basin

The Koshi River Basin Management program, initiated in 2010 helped pilot the integrated river basin management approach in Nepal and actioned Nepal’s National Water Plan, 2005. It included initiatives in water and forest conservation, alternative livelihoods promotion and climate adaptation.

Over a project period of seven years, over 17,000 households in 11 catchments of Indrawati sub-basin and Dudhkoshi sub-basin benefitted from increased access to water resources through interventions such as spring source protection, conservation ponds, rainwater harvesting and irrigation facilities.

 
Ramsar site restoration

The Lake cluster of Pokhara Valley, declared as a Ramsar site in 2016, includes nine diverse lakes located in Kaski district in western Nepal. Despite being rich in biodiversity, this Ramsar site is degrading at accelerated rates due to weak wetland governance, land use and land cover change, encroachment, sedimentation, pollution and invasive species. In response to these threats, an integrated lake basin management plan of the Ramsar site was drafted. Currently, wetland conservation activities such as landslide protection, construction of check dams and plantation to reduce siltation are being implemented which are expected to restore 15ha of lake area.

 
Gharials from the Skies

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) were used for the first time in Nepal to monitor gharial and mugger crocodile populations along the Babai River in Bardia National Park. The pilot monitoring approach identified 33 gharial and 31 mugger crocodiles in the 46km stretch covered with a flight time of about three hours. Past crocodile counts in Nepal have primarily employed river and foot surveys; the 2016 count in the same river stretch identified 31 gharials. Nepal has been using UAVs in conservation since 2012 primarily for surveillance within protected areas to keep a check on and monitor illegal activities.

 
Water in Nepal’s Economy

A report titled ‘Nepal Water Risk Scenarios and Opportunities for Resilient Development’ was launched on 15 November 2016 under the leadership of the government and supported by WWF Nepal. The report provides compelling narratives on three potential future scenarios that could affect Nepal’s economy through unsustainable use and mismanagement of water resources, further exacerbated by climate change. The report recommended the need for more holistic, inter-connected economic planning for actively integrating considerations about Nepal’s water resources into the government’s decision-making processes and to minimize unintended consequences on Nepal’s natural capital– particularly its river systems – while formulating policies and programs that view water, not as a natural resource, but as the country’s key economic resource.

policy &
Governance
 
Managing Rivers for Life

WWF Nepal collaborated with Nepal River Conservation Trust to organize the 2nd National River Summit with the theme ‘Managing Rivers for Life’ on 16-19 March. The event brought together policy makers, government representatives, and delegates from different sectors and organizations. An important achievement of this event was the ‘Trishuli Declaration 2017’. A key element of the declaration was the call to declare at least one river in each of Nepal’s four large river basins as a free flowing river, ensuring the right of future generations on river resources.

POLICY &
GOVERNANCE

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Guiding Eco-Friendly Linear Infrastructure

WWF Nepal developed a “Guideline for Construction of Eco-Friendly Linear Infrastructure” in partnership with the Confederation of Nepalese Industries (CNI), an umbrella organization of the private sector which includes membership of construction companies as well. The guideline informs policy on the need for eco-friendly linear infrastructure in ecologically critical habitats and needed design changes to safeguard wildlife. The guideline also provides a common platform among different stakeholders on best practices in developing ecologically sustainable infrastructure in the country. The CNI will be helping in implementing the guidelines through its member companies from the construction sector.

 
Policy Dialogue on Water Resources Management

A policy dialogue was initiated targeting policy makers and decision makers of Nepal through the Legislature Parliament Committee on Environment Protection in order to build a common understanding of critical water resources management issues in the country. The dialogue covered topics related to complexities of water resources and river basin issues, water resources issues in the country’s new Federal Structure, and right to natural resources under the Constitution of Nepal. The dialogue is expected to be instrumental in informing future policy that addresses the current and future challenges on water issues through informed decision makers and parliament members.

 
Biodiversity assessment of EAST-WEST highway and bridges

WWF Nepal conducted a biodiversity assessment along a key section of Nepal’s east-west highway to identify various wildlife species and their migratory routes that could be affected by the government’s road expansion projects. This assessment focused on understanding and mapping the movement and migratory patterns of mega species such as tigers, rhinos and elephants, and identifying significant biodiversity hotspots along this section of the highway. This study provided preliminary indication of potential direct, indirect, induced and cumulative impacts to key biodiversity resources from likely road upgradation activities and provided initial recommendations on mitigation measures.

communications
& Outreach
 
Conservation Action Plans

The Government of Nepal endorsed the Tiger Conservation Action Plan for Nepal (2016-2020) on Global Tiger Day. The action plan focuses on achieving Nepal’s Tx2 goal and is aligned with the Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) and the strategic focus of WWF’s Tigers Alive Initiative. Likewise, the Snow Leopard Conservation Action Plan for Nepal (2017-2021) was also endorsed by the government. The action plan will contribute to and complement the Global Snow Leopard & Ecosystem Protection (GSLEP) Program goals and the Snow Leopard Conservation Action Plan (2015-2020). The Government of Nepal has sanctioned USD 500,000 to implement activities mentioned in the plan.

COMMUNICATIONS
& EDUCATION

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International Snow Leopard Day

WWF Nepal joined the global celebration of International Snow Leopard Day by organizing a participatory art event in the historic Patan Durbar Square on 23 October 2016. The awareness event organized under the theme “Lend a Hand for the Snow Leopard” saw participation of people from all walks of life who came together to contribute their hand prints to a community canvas, as a symbolism and in solidarity with the elusive cat which converted into a stunning picture of a snow leopard. This International Snow Leopard Day marked the third year of the historic partnership between the twelve snow leopard range countries which culminated in the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection (GSLEP) Program.

 
Earth Hour

On March 25, Nepal celebrated Earth Hour with with a mass convergence of over 2,000 youth, musical band, opinion leader’s conservation partners and the locals in one of an ancient medieval city Bhaktapur Durbar Square -one of the UNESCO world heritage sites within Kathmandu Valley. The event saw, performance of distinct fusion of circus, theatre, dance and cutting edge art forms to create an exciting form of entertainment by Circus Kathmandu, musical performance by Nepal’s first female acoustic band and 60+ installation art created from recycle bottles, illuminated from the power generated by riding stationary bicycles.

 
The Generation Green

WWF Nepal’s youth program, The Generation Green, leveraged on unique opportunities for youth to engage in Nepal’s conservation and sustainable development agenda. The Greenovation Start-up Challenge, a 54-hour rigorous start-up initiative, awarded four green business ideas based on organic produce, up-cycling and energy out of 50 ideas pitched. Likewise, the Seed Your Future campaign organized in ten schools in Kathmandu valley gave young people hands-on experience in sustainable urban farming within the school premises itself while also understanding value chains and market linkages for their produce.

 
RICKSHAWS AND RHINOS

Hollywood actor, Nicholas Hoult traveled to Chitwan National Park in Nepal to learn about Nepal’s and WWF’s conservation efforts to protect the other greater one-horned rhinos that are threatened by poaching and habitat loss, among other dangers. While in Nepal, Hoult also met with community members of Amaltari, the buffer zone of Chitwan National Park, to learn about their lives and their relationship with the wildlife surrounding them. As part of his work with WWF, Hoult and his two childhood friends, Carlos Adams and Nick Atkins, teamed up for a rigorous rickshaw run adventure in India in early 2017 to raise funds for rhino conservation along with supporting Teenage Cancer Trust.

 
#iProtectTigers

In order to celebrate tigers and the work of individuals working on the frontline to help save them, WWF Nepal produced a four-part short film series to complement WWF’s #iProtectTigers campaign. The series featured four of Nepals’ Tiger Protectors: Hari Rani, a member of the local community-based anti-poaching unit in Khata Corridor; Panna Ram, a citizen scientist in Khata Corridor; Lt. Col. Rajendra Pant, Battalion Commander of the Rana Shardul Battalion in Bardia National Park; and Ramesh Thapa, Chief Warden of Bardia National Park.

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About WWF NEPAL

Since 1961, WWF has worked to conserve nature and ecological processes through a combination of actions on the ground, national and international advocacy work to establish appropriate policies, and international campaigns to highlight and demonstrate solutions to crucial environmental problems.

WWF started working in Nepal from 1967 when it launched a rhino conservation program in Chitwan. To keep up with the evolving face of conservation and the environmental movement, WWF’s focus evolved from its localized efforts in conservation of single species in the 1960s/1970s, integrated conservation and development approach in the 1980s, to a new horizon of landscape level conservation encompassing national, regional and global scales of complexity in the early 2000s.

WWF’s work in Nepal is focused in the Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) and Sacred Himalayan Landscape (SHL), including Koshi River Basin, and Chiwan-Annapurna Landscape (CHAL) under the USAID-funded Hariyo Ban Program. It is centered on four thematic goals – forests, wildlife, freshwater and climate & energy – and two drivers – finance and governance. The effective delivery of conservation results under the above four thematic areas are supported by crosscutting programs on policy and advocacy, curbing illegal wildlife trade, sustainable livelihoods, and communications.

In Nepal, WWF works closely with the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation through the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation and Department of Forests, Ministry of Population and Environment, Ministry of Agricultural Development, Ministry of Land Reform and Management, Water and Energy Commission Secretariat and National Trust for Nature Conservation. Besides the national priority areas, WWF Nepal also works in conservation issues of regional and trans-boundary importance.

Vision

WWF Nepal envisions a prosperous Nepal with a society possessing an ethic of stewardship and responsibility towards nature.

By 2050 Nepal will have:

  • Conserved biodiversity and the natural processes that sustain it in the Global 200 Ecoregions within Nepal
  • Established social and economic development patterns that assure the sustainable and equitable provision of natural goods and services, improving livelihoods and quality of life for current and future generations
  • Eliminated or mitigated critical threats to species, habitats, and ecological processes that derive from climate change, over exploitation of resources, unsustainable consumption, and pollution

REGIONAL PROGRAMS

Living Himalayas PROGRAM

WWF’s work in Nepal is part of the Living Himalayas Program, which aims to bring the three governments of Bhutan, India and Nepal together to effectively manage and conserve the natural resources in the face of climate change for the sake of their unique people, their exceptional wildlife and their breath-taking environment. Combining connectivity and regional solutions, the program views the eco-region as a single unit and not a series of fragmented landscapes in separate countries. Wildlife trade, landscape management and development issues will be treated regionally, bringing people, government and industry together in the three countries and developing plans that straddle borders and landscapes.

Tigers Alive Initiative

The tiger is iconic of Asia’s natural heritage and ecological integrity, and has wide cultural esteem. Unfortunately, due to extensive habitat loss and intensive poaching for their body parts, tiger populations across the range have shrunk alarmingly over the past five decades. Today tigers occupy a mere 7% of their historic range. WWF, recognizing that a wider paradigm shift is required if Asia’s top predator is to survive the next decade and beyond, is working to protect the tiger through its ambitious network-wide Tigers Alive Initiative (TAI). The TAI team proposes a bold plan to galvanize political will and take action to double the number of wild tigers by the year 2022, focusing on 13 tiger landscapes in the 13 tiger range countries. The Government of Nepal has shown exceptional commitment to TX2 and is working with WWF Nepal and its conservation partners to achieve the same.

Asian Rhino and Elephant Action Strategy

Asian elephants and all four Asian rhino species are amongst the most endangered large mammals in the world and their numbers are falling at some of the critical biodiversity sites. WWF is doing its best to halt this trend and initiated a suite of conservation activities for these important species under a comprehensive program called AREAS (Asian Rhino and Elephant Action Strategy) and based the regional HQ in WWF Nepal Program since the year 2000. The overall objective is that the WWF AREAS program is instrumental in achieving conservation results through interventions by WWF and interventions of partner organizations (governments, NGOs, and other stakeholders) so that Asian elephant and rhino populations are viable in adequate habitats in 2020. It will do so by enhancing institutional capacity of WWF and partners through technical and policy support to contribute to the survival of viable populations of Asian elephants, greater one-horned, Sumatran and Javan rhinos in the wild. The program will also monitor at the regional level to measure the impact of WWF investments for the conservation of these four species of Asian pachyderms. Nepal aims to establish two viable rhino populations in Chitwan and Western Complexes.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

WWF Nepal acknowledges with gratitude the support received from the following partners, donors and supporters:

  • Government of Nepal; National Planning Commission; Ministry of Finance; Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation; Ministry of Population and Environment; Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation; Ministry of Agricultural Development; Ministry of Land Reform and Management; Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare; Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation; Department of Forests; Department of Plant Resources; Department of Forest Research and Survey; Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management; Water and Energy Commission Secretariat; Department of Hydrology and Meteorology; Nepal Tourism Board; Social Welfare Council; Alternative Energy Promotion Centre; Lumbini Development Trust.
  • Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland; Embassy of the United States; Embassy of Finland; United States Agency for International Development; German Embassy; Department for International Development; Global Environment Facility; Australian Government/Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade; US Fish and Wildlife Service; Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation; World Bank; MyClimate; The Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation; The Coca Cola Company; Google Foundation; Whiskas; Ms. Nancy Abraham; Trade Union Solidarity Centre of Finland; KfW Development Bank; International Union for Conservation of Nature; Intrepid Foundation; Hoffman La Roche; Sall Family Foundation.
  • WWF US; WWF UK; WWF Finland; WWF International; WWF Netherlands; WWF Australia; WWF Canada; WWF Switzerland; WWF China; WWF Malaysia; WWF Singapore; WWF Austria; WWF Germany; WWF India; WWF Pakistan; WWF Bhutan; TRAFFIC; Asian Rhinos and Elephant Action Strategy; Living Himalayas Initiative; Tigers Alive Initiative.
  • International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development; The World Conservation Union Nepal; CARE Nepal; International Water Management Institute; International Trust for Tiger Conservation.
  • National Trust for Nature Conservation; Nepal Army; Nepal Police; Wildlife Conservation Nepal; Federation of Community Forestry Users, Nepal; Society of Hydrology and Meteorology-Nepal; Family Planning Association of Nepal; Dolphin Conservation Society; Environmental Camps for Conservation Awareness; Youth Alliance for Environment; Green Youth Lumbini; Nepal Forum for Environmental Journalists; Society of Environmental Journalists; Clean Energy Nepal; Biogas Sector Partnership Nepal; Tribhuvan University; Kathmandu University; Institute of Forestry; Wildlife Watch Group; Bird Conservation Nepal; National Environmental Coalition of Indigenous Nationalities; Ethnobotanical Society of Nepal; Wildlife Conservation Nepal; National Foundation for the Development of Indigenous Nationalities; Building and Wood Workers’ International Nepal Affiliate Committee; Trade Union National Centres; School Environment Conservation Education Network Nepal; Nepal Foresters Association; Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities; Himalayan Grassroots Women’s Natural Resource Management Association; Dalit Alliance for Natural Resources, Nepal; Centre for Rural Technology; Community-Based Forestry Supporters’ Network, Nepal; Center for Molecular Dynamics.

WWF Nepal would like to express special thanks to: Community Based Organizations; Media; Community Forest Coordination Committees; Community Forest User Groups, Buffer Zone User Groups; Buffer Zone User Committees; Buffer Zone Management Committees; Community-Based Anti-Poaching Units; Eco Clubs; Ghodaghodi Area Conservation and Awareness Forum; Kangchenjunga Conservation Area Management Council and user committees; Integrated Resource Management Committees; Mothers’ Groups; Youth Clubs; District Development Committees; District Forest Offices; Village Development Committees; Women Awareness Groups and local communities.

WWF Nepal’s mission is to stop the degradation of Nepal’s natural environment, and to build a future in which people live in harmony with nature.

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ONE YEAR ON,
TWENTY-FOUR
YEARS LATER
THIS WAS A YEAR OF ALIGNMENT, RESOLVE,
REINFORCEMENT AND NEW BEGINNINGS
 

WWF Nepal stands at the threshold of new beginnings; we are a year old in our journey of a new strategic plan period, and twenty-four since our establishment in Nepal.

This was a year of alignment – to contribute to the global goals of Forests, Wildlife, Climate and Energy, and Freshwater. A realigned WWF Nepal team structure and our new strategic plan are our major assets towards our critical contributions to the Network while being guided by our goal to become a sustainable office and a centre of excellence in conservation.

This was a year of continued resolve – to take forward our partnership with the government, conservation agencies and local communities in our landscapes. We protected more than 500,000ha of Protected Area forests and improved management over 200,000ha of community forests to provide for biodiversity and ecosystem services. We benchmarked critical corridors and climate refugia as important tiger dispersal sites and collared the fourth snow leopard in Kangchenjunga Conservation Area to inform conservation strategies for the species. We also continued efforts to restore herbivore assemblage in the Terai Arc Landscape through translocation operations of rhinos, swamp deer and wild water buffaloes.

We helped send our message of zero tolerance for wildlife crimes through the historic burning of more than 4,000 confiscated wildlife parts while celebrating over 1,000 days of zero poaching of rhinos in Chitwan National Park, the stronghold of rhino populations in Nepal. Nepal became one of the 156 Parties to have ratified the Paris agreement and we are building energy access for households through biogas and home solar systems to add to the energy mix and in emissions reduction.

This was a year of reinforcement – to deliver with accountability on our conservation promise. Three key projects – the USAID-funded Hariyo Ban Program (Phase I); the GEF-funded Sustainable Land Management in the Chure Region, Nepal; and the MFA-funded Koshi River Basin Management Program – came to a successful closure creating positive change for the environment and the lives of more than 500,000 people.

This was a year of new beginnings – to pave the way for conservation into the future. We began our maiden engagement in the national Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) process in partnership with the government through a successful roll out of the SDGs in six of Nepal’s seven provinces. Nepal drafted its Emission Reductions Program Document which aims to sequestrate about 12 million tonnes of CO2 eq. in the Terai Arc Landscape between 2018 and 2025.

In 2018, WWF Nepal will be celebrating 25 years of conservation in Nepal; a journey that would not have been possible without the trust placed upon us by the government, conservation partners, the WWF Network, donors and supporters, and local communities. We are ever thankful for the magnanimous support and look forward to building greater synergies into the future.

Here’s to a new year in conservation!

Anil Manandhar
Country Representative

FINANCIAL OVERVIEW FY 2012/13 - 2016/17

Financial Year 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
1. Terai Arc Landscape Program 156,548,072 129,133,909 145,478,981 186,522,386 232,508,318
2. Sacred Himalayan Landscape Program 104,587,917 122,259,127 81,658,331 107,452,235 129,332,488
3. Other Priority Programs 441,150,941 659,155,467 897,425,878 891,225,190 766,025,158
4. Administrative Expenditure (Levy) 17,129,622 8,540,378 7,633,621 13,092,348 22,781,873
Total Expenditure [1+2+3+4]
Figures in NRs
719,416,551 919,088,881 1,132,196,812 1,198,292,159 1,150,647,837